Learn what jump racing is and the forms of jump racing. Find out the different horse breeds used in jump racing.
If you are looking for more fun horse racing competitions you want to watch and wager on, you need to know about jump racing. This is exactly as its name says. The horses are required to jump on hurdles, bumpers, and more. However, while you might think this is all they have to do, then you are wrong.
This horse racing competition requires the horses to have the ability to overcome the obstacles in the tracks but also have speed. They should also be faster than their competitors. This is because there are points for a horse’s form and skill in jumping over the obstacles.
Jump racing is otherwise known in most countries around Europe as National Hunt Racing. This kind of race tests the stamina and ability of a horse to overcome the obstacles. Since it takes a while for the horse to have the skill to both be fast and have the ability to jump with finesse and precision, most horses that join this competition are older than horses in Flat races.
There are three kinds of jump racing that horses can enter. These are: hurdles, steeplechases, bumpers, and handicaps.
Hurdle Jump Races
Hurdle jump horse racing is where the horses jump over obstacles that are over three and a half feet high. The hurdles are typically a series of panels made with flexible brush. This ensures that the horses who cannot jump over them, would not be hurt.
Horses in hurdle races usually have a minimum of eight hurdles to compete with a distance of over two miles (3 kilometres). Additionally, horses that compete in hurdle races should be faster because of the smaller obstacles they have to jump over.
The most skilled hurdle horses or hurdlers usually have a low and efficient style of jumping. This means they do not lose much of their momentum when they jump over a hurdle.
Bumper Jump Races
Bumper races is a form of flat racing that has the rules of jump racing. This is because it is made for jump racehorses that do not have flat racing experience. This means speed and ability are also prioritized here. This is a form of flat racing but bumper races are still categorized in jump racing.
Additionally, horses that have competed in flat racing are not allowed to compete in this. It is usually the last race of the day in a race track. In European countries, this is also known as National Hunt Flat race.
Steeplechase Jump Races
Steeplechase or more commonly known as chase. It is one of the most common forms of jump races. This is because the horses run over fences in a distance that ranges from 3.2 to 7.2 kilometres (2 - 4 ½ miles).
There are also other obstacles that horses jump over on steeplechases. The field can have water jumps or open ditches that they have to go through.
Fences in steeplechase jump horse racing are usually about 4 ½ feet tall (1.3 meters). They are made from a mix of birch and spruce.
Horses that usually join steeplechases are four years old or older. This is because they need time to gain experience, skill, and jumping ability.
Handicap Jump Races
Similar to other forms of horse racing, jump racehorses have a handicap form. This allows the horses that have less skill to compete on equal terms with horses that are more experienced and have more skill.
The horses are given a padded weight placed on their saddles. The weight they are given depends on how old they are, previous jump racing experiences, and successes they have on the track.
This kind of tournament is also popular in countries that have a big market for horse racing. This includes Japan, which has a number of local and international jump races. Some of their most famous jump racing tournaments are Nakayama Grand Jump, Nakayama Daishogai, and Pegasus Jump Stakes.
Nakayama Grand Jump
The Nakayama Grand Jump is a Japan steeplechase jump racing. It is held at Nakayama Racecourse annually during mid-April. The horses that compete in this are thoroughbreds four years old and older over a distance of 4,250 meters.
This tournament has a purse of ¥150 million ever since it was established in 2008. This is approximately $1.5 million. This is considered to be the richest steeplechase races in the world.
The Nakayama Daishogai is a Grade 1 steeplechase jump racing in Japan. It is open for three years old and older Thoroughbred horses over a distance of 4,100 meters. This race happens annually in late December at Nakayama Racecourse.
It has a purse of ¥142,660,00 or approximately $1.24 million.
Pegasus Jump Stakes
The Pegasus Jump Stakes is one of the three most famous steeplechase horse races in Japan. Four years old and older Thoroughbred horses compete at a distance of 3,350 meters on a turf surface. The maximum number of horses allowed to compete is 14.
This is held annually at Nakayama Racecourse and has a purse of ¥34,820,000 or approximately $302,783.
The Race Track of Jump Races
Jump horse race tracks do not differ that much from flat race tracks. This is because the only things added in the field are the obstacles that horses need to jump over to get through the competition.
However, jump races do not use starting stalls before the competition unlike other formats of horse racing. Instead, horses are placed behind rubber tapes stretched across the race track. Once the tapes are removed, then jump racehorses can speed through the tracks and go over obstacles.
Common Breed Used in Jump Races
There are various horse breeds that can be used for jump racing. However, the top five horse breeds used in jump racing are the following: Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Trakehner, and Appaloosa.
Thoroughbred horses are the most common breed used in horse racing. This is because they are known for their speed and agility. Additionally, it is because they are a hot-blooded horse breed. This means that they are excitable and have more energy compared to other breeds.
The Quarter Horse breed is often used in jump racing because of their ability to sprint through short distances. This is important because you need agility and skill to jump over obstacles.
Arabian horses are one of the best breeds to use in horse jump racing. This is because they are a versatile breed of horses that are both fast and can adapt well to new skills. They are also the oldest horse breed in the world that is often used to mix with other breeds.
The Trakehner horse is a warmblood breed. It is one of the best breeds to use in jump races. This is because they are fast and weigh less than other horses. This means they can jump higher and be faster than other breeds if they are trained well.
The Appaloosa breed of horses can also be found in most jump racing tournaments. This is because they are similar to Arabian horses with how fast they are to adapt to a new skill. They can be easily recognized because of their colourful spotted coat patterns, striped hooves, and mottled skin.
Where to Wager?
There are various places you can wager on horse jump races. However, if you are not sure where you can find the best land and online sports betting sites in the industry, you can check out the reviews on Gamble.jp. There are also comprehensive reviews on land and online casinos you can read if you want to play games.
READ MORE: The Horse Races You Should Know